Preventing graft-versus-host disease
Olivier Hermine (IHU IMAGINE) – Inserm, Paris Descartes University, AP-HP
In blood cancers such as leukaemias, lymphomas and in other haematological diseases, the only curative treatment is the transplantation of stem cells from healthy donors into the patient. During transplantation, the donor’s cells sometimes react against the recipient’s cells, from a simple skin rash to fatally damaging several organs. This technology is a diagnostic kit and allows to predict this acute risk from a simple blood sample from the donor before transplantation. This test makes it possible to better select donors to reduce the risk of this complication occurring. The hope created by this new technique is great: increased survival rate and improved quality of life for transplant patients.
Maximising vehicle communication performance
Hakim Badis, Abderrezak Rachedi (Gaspard Monge Institute of Computer Sciences) - CNRS, ENPC, ESIEE, UPEM
With the ongoing technological revolution, vehicles are becoming a real communicating object, gradually offering new functionalities. Implemented in the vehicle's on-board computer, BadZak makes it possible to address connectivity issues for a wide range of applications such as multimedia stream transmission, road safety, collaborative geolocation, etc. while maintaining a minimum latency time (communication from one person to another), resource savings (minimum cell network usage, energy savings) and compliance with current standards (3G pp, ISO Calm, etc.)
Playful software to help in the remediation of dyslexia
Willy Serniclaes (Laboratoire Psychologie de la perception - CNRS, Univ. Paris 5 ; Gregory Collet (Unité de recherche en Neurosciences cognitives) -Univ. Libre de Bruxelles
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that affects about 7% of the population in France, and in particular 200,000 children aged 6 to 11 years. RapDys is a fun software to help in the remediation of dyslexia. Exercises can be done under the supervision of a speech therapist but also in the patients' homes. After a few training sessions of 20 minutes each, children with specific language disorders increased their performance in the following areas: identification, discrimination and sound categorization by up to 40%. The children were tested again one month after the last training and performance levels remained stable.
Developing a lexicon in Arabic
Éric Laporte, Alexis Neme (Laboratoire d’Informatique Gaspard Monge) - CNRS, ENPC, ESIEE, UPEM
In most languages, especially Arabic, common nouns, adjectives and verbs can take very different forms in sentences, depending on the grammatical rules of the language. While traditional dictionaries cover only a small fraction of all the forms found in texts, our technology, based on automatic language processing, has generated a lexicon of 6 million flexed forms with high grammatical accuracy and excellent coverage of the Arabic language (over 98%). Possible applications in a wide range of fields: text editors, digitization of printed documents, data mining in Arab web content and online Arabic learning.
Here, a deposit of grey matter
Research is one of the building blocks of societal progress. It shapes a playground in which commitment and investment must participate in global and virtuous evolution for the greatest number of people. It allows to launch start-ups and to perpetuate the companies that use it by creating new applications to remain competitive.